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Lesson 4. Using This and That.

July 09, 20232 min read


Feel free to import this into your own quizlets.


Street/Road - Veedi

Taxi/Cab - Auto
Train - Train
Station - Station
Bus Stop - Bus Stop
Airplane - Plane
Bicycle - Cycle
Wife - Bhariya
Child - Bidda/Pilla
Son - Koduku/Komaarudu
Daughter - Kuteru
Husband - Magadu
Father - Nana
Mother - Amma
Letter (Mail) - Lettaru
Taste/Flavour - Ruchi
Meal - Bhojanam
Morning - Tellavari/Podina
Water - Neelu/Manchineelu
Apple - Pandu/Kaya
Money - Dabbu
Finish - Teerchu
Dangerous - Pramaadakara
Handsome - Andamaina
Ugly - Vikaaramaina
Tired - Visikina
Sad - Chedda
Delicious - Ruchiyaina
Many - Chaala
Happy - Santoshamga
There - Akkada
Now - Yippudu
But - Gani
Girl - Ammayi
Boy - Abbayi
Man - Purushu
Women - Stree
Car - Bhandi
Chair - Kurchi
Doctor - Dakteru
Teacher - Teacheru
Table - Tableu


To come - Vachuta

To finish - Teeruta
To dance - Aadhuta
To know - Telusukonuta
To walk - Naduchuta
To learn - Nerchakonuta
To think - Talachuta
To live - Bratukuta

Let's Begin

We previously learned the pronouns for this and that, however, like English, there is also objective usage. This was looked over in Lesson 2 for the sake of formulating a base understanding that this and that can be used as pronouns. Note that pronouns are words that can be used to replace a person in a sentence. With this understanding, notice how in English that we don't exactly use this and that for people, instead, we use them more so for objects.


ఈ (Ee)

This word is used for something within touching distance. If it hasn't been familiar, it is a shortened version of (Idhi), but it is meant to be something that you are actually touching. To differentiate between Ee and Idhi:

(1) Ee is something you are more physically touching or holding.

(2) Idhi is something you can point to but is close in proximity

Sample Sentences

(1) Ee ammayi (This girl)

(2) Ee purushudu (This man)

(3) Ee bandi (This car)

(4) Ee kurchi (This chair)

(5) Ee stree (This woman)


ఆ (Aa)

This word is used for something that is a bit further away. If it hasn't been familiar, it is a shortened version of Adhi, but it is meant to be something to be conceptualized rather than be seen. To differentiate between Aa and Adhi:

(1) Aa is something you want to reference but may not have in sight (2) Adhi is something you can point to but is far away in proximity.

Sample Sentences

(1) Aa ammayi ee inti-lo undi (That girl is in this house)

(2) Aa purushudu (That man)

(3) Aa bandi yekkara (Where is that car?)

(4) Aa kurchi (That chair)

(5) Aa stree (That woman)

Using this and that with to be

Usage of this and that is important in English and Telugu, but it's equally important to know that it can also be a noun. Another meaning of Idhi and Adhi is more so "This thing" and "That thing" respectively.

Whereas before we have said:

(1) I like that.

We can now say:

(2) I like that thing.

So now let's get into the application with Undi

Translate the Following

(1) That girl (Ammayi) is a doctor (Dakter).

(2) That man (Purushudu) is good (Bhagunnaru).

(3) This boy (Abbayi) is a teacher (Teacher).

(4) This thing is a table (Table).

(5) This person (manishi) is a woman (Stree).

(6) That thing is a car (Bandi)


(1) Aa ammayi dakteru.

(2) Aa purushudu bhagunnaru.

(3) Ee abbayi teacheru.

(4) Idhi tableu.

(5) Ee manishi stree

(6) Adhi bandi.

Published July 09, 2023, by ZyphenSVC.

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